Occupational therapy in brazil health and social care essay

Disability is a global health and a global development concern. To address both issues, a community-based rehabilitation CBR approach is increasingly recommended to meet a spectrum of needs, especially for people with disabilities.

Occupational therapy in brazil health and social care essay

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The sample was composed of ten individuals with acquired or congenital disabilities living in the region covered by a Family Health Center.

The social conception of disability was the theoretical framework used. Data were analyzed according to an interpretative reconstructive approach based on Habermas' Theory of Communicative Action. Disable Persons, Social Determinants of Health, Social Inequity, Primary Health Care, Rehabilitation Introduction In Occupational therapy in brazil health and social care essay, even though some advancement has been observed in regard to the inclusion of people with disabilities in the job market and in the sociocultural sphere, there are many people who do not have access to basic rehabilitation services or equal opportunities such as access to education, vocational education, work, leisure, and other activities.

Some individuals are not even aware of welfare devices and their social rights and are, therefore, restricted to the domestic environment, often in a state of social isolation 1 - 2.

The social inclusion of individuals with disabilities is an essential requirement for health promotion and quality of life.

Occupational Therapy In Brazil Health And Social Care Essay Brazil is located in Latin America. It is the fifth most populated country according to the US Department of State (US Department of State. Palliative care and hospice care are two terms that are very similar and often confused. This lesson describes them both and, more importantly, describes their major differences. Lead poisoning is a type of metal poisoning caused by lead in the body. The brain is the most sensitive. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, constipation, headaches, irritability, memory problems, inability to have children, and tingling in the hands and feet. It causes almost 10% of intellectual disability of otherwise unknown cause and can result in behavioral problems.

For that, there is a need to involve these individuals and promote their participation in activities that integrate the human existential universe 3 - 4. The social concept of disability was the reference used in this study.

Occupational therapy in brazil health and social care essay

This approach considers disability to be a condition that arises from the way society is constructed so that society has to reorganize itself to ensure that people with disabilities have universal access to all spaces, equipment, services, organizations and resources publicly available to the collective.

Hence, services intended to promote the rehabilitation of these individuals should offer alternatives and develop strategies intended to enable their full participation in society 5 - 6. It questions the merely biomedical approach adopted to that point, recognizing the social and political nature of disability based on the publication of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health ICFa document that standardizes and unifies a language to describe health and its related conditions 7 - 8.

The CRPD is innovative within the framework of international treaties previously agreed upon, by explicitly acknowledging that the environment, and the economic and social spheres, are factors that aggravate disabilities, while environmental and psychosocial barriers curtail the full participation of these individuals in society on an equal basis with others 9.

In Brazil, the Federal Constitution of provides that people with disabilities are entitled to health care, public assistance, protection, social integration, and full human rights within the three spheres of government city, state and federal ; the Brazilian Health System SUS is also instituted as being responsible for providing healthcare to disabled individuals at the three levels of healthcare: According to the conception that disability is a responsibility shared by society, integral healthcare provided to individuals with disabilities ranges from the prevention of diseases and the promotion of health to specialized rehabilitation, ensuring broadened and comprehensive healthcare, as provided in the National Policy of Health 11 - There are, however, in Brazil, high levels of social inequality, submitting some segments of the population to social injustice and inequity; in this case, that is represented by a lack of access to dignified living conditions such as income, work, education, housing, and healthcare services.

Studies show that people with disabilities are at a greater risk of social vulnerability when they experience difficult access to work, education and rehabilitation services 13 - Method This study has a qualitative approach as the nature of the study object is related to the symbolic and intersubjective dimensions present in the participants, their values, the meanings they assign to their condition of health and life, cultural aspects and social representations.

It is a reconstructive interpretative study because it went beyond a merely descriptive method and was based on an interpretative and reconstructive approach according to dialectical hermeneutics 15 - After a formal introduction of the researchers, the participants and their respective families were informed about the study and signed free and informed consent forms to formalize their consent, after which, data collection was initiated.

The individuals were asked to narrate their lives so that the biography of each interviewee was obtained. At the same time, the students took notes concerning their observations.

The relationship between participants and researchers was based on respect and complied with ethical precepts. Ten individuals, 18 years old or older, with congenital or acquired disabilities but with cognitive conditions allowing them to narrate their life histories participated in the study.

Given the study's purpose, the type of deficiency was not a criterion to select the participants, so that individuals with physical, motor, sensory, mental or multiple disabilities were interviewed because the objective was to identify the social context of disability, regardless of the clinical implications accruing from specific disabilities.

A total of 20 individuals with disabilities were identified in the area covered by the study, while the population cared for by the Family Health Service was estimated to be families.

Of the 20 individuals, four did not consent to participate in the study, two did not present cognitive conditions to narrate their lives, and three were not found in their homes. In the end, ten individuals met the inclusion criteria and agreed to participate.The author considers the definition of evidence-based occupational therapy, the impact of research governance, and social care influences on suitable evidence.

Occupational therapy in brazil health and social care essay

Implementation issues are covered in more depth, including change management and practice guidelines. Jun 27,  · In Brazil, the Federal Constitution of provides that people with disabilities are entitled to health care, public assistance, protection, social integration, and full human rights within the three spheres of government (city, state and federal); the Brazilian Health System (SUS) is also instituted as being responsible for providing.

Lead poisoning is a type of metal poisoning caused by lead in the body. The brain is the most sensitive. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, constipation, headaches, irritability, memory problems, inability to have children, and tingling in the hands and feet. It causes almost 10% of intellectual disability of otherwise unknown cause and can result in behavioral problems.

Occupational Therapy; Contraception education in Brazil. Bookmark. Download. by Barbara Hastings-Asatourian 5. must look beyond equality of service provision if it is to tackle at their root issues of Racism and their impact on health. Bookmark. by Barbara Hastings-Asatourian 4. Sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) are essential for sustainable development because of their links to gender equality and women’s wellbeing, their impact on maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health, and their roles in shaping future economic development and .

The Rutgers School of Health Profession's Occupational Therapy Assistant (OTA) Program is a credit Associate in Science degree committed to preparing students as professionals who contribute to the health and well-being of all populations in New Jersey and beyond.

Social determinants of health, inequality and social inclusion among people with disabilities